Archive for January, 2011

Personal Note and Egypt

Posted in Culture, Me, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , on 31/01/2011 by arabrhizome

I’m still very ill. I have a fever and my nose is running. I’m really tired and my sleeping pattern is again completely out of whack. I’m also feeling very sad in myself. I’ve experienced some very deep personal loss lately and it’s been hard to deal with. I have been able not to think about it too much thanks to the Palestine Papers and the events in Egypt, but it did hit me quite hard this morning. I suddenly felt empty and sad. I don’t think I’ve felt this sad ever before but I’m a little better now. I’ve also been unable to work because my brain is unable to focus on anything other than Egypt. Speaking of which, let’s summarise today’s events, I’ll try to write a normal length post but I might end up writing a short one as my head is really pounding very hard.

So there are many different developments in many different areas. First, let’s talk about the army. The army seems to have finally taken a stance on the protests. They released a statement saying that they will not use force against or fire on the protesters and that they will protect the people of Egypt from acts of sabotage. This is significant, because the army is now saying that even if it gets orders to fire on the protesters it won’t do it. In other words, the army will not be part of any violent crackdown ordered by the regime against the people of Egypt. We don’t know what the presidential guard will do, and that is going to be significant tomorrow.

The second area of developments comes from the protesters. The protesters have called for a million person march, they have asked to call it million person rather than million men to highlight the fact that women are an integral and organic part of this protest. This march is going to start in tahrir square at 9:00 and then make its way by the state television and then North-East towards the presidential palace. The presidential palace is protected by the presidential guard and that is why I say that their role will be significant. They are going to have to make a choice tomorrow. Either they will choose to stand with the regime and possibly cause a blood bath, or they will stand with the rest of the army and that would certainly mean that the regime is finished.

The third area is the regime and that’s very interesting. A new government has been appointed, and completely rejected by the people. The new government is basically a reshuffle of old faces and regime loyalists, which will do nothing to calm the anger. Late in the evening the newly appointed VP Omar Suleiman appeared on state tv and made a silly statement saying that the president has asked him to start a dialogue with the opposition and to review the highly contested parliamentary elections. He called for the possible restaging of some of the most contested seats. Again this comes way too late in the movement and is not going to do anything to calm people down. People want the regime to fall and a true democratic system to emerge. Nothing short of that is going to work.

In other news from the regime. The police has been sent back to the streets to take care of traffic and other small tasks but not to deal with the protesters. their arrival was met with a mixed response from the people. They don’t mind having the police around, but the violence of the last week will not be forgotten easily. Also, the people of Egypt have started organising themselves in groups of volunteers, some cleaning up the streets, some distributing food, and others taking care of traffic and other security tasks. Some very inspiring images have come out of Egypt where we can clearly see a social change of seismic proportions and the emergence of a strong and very well organised civil society.

The regime also shut down train services around the country in order to prevent people from making their way to tomorrow’s protests. However this has again back-fired and the people of Egypt have defied the shut down by walking to Cairo, some from Alexandria which is 200kms away. Another move from the regime has been the arrest of 6 Al Jazeera reporters, and later released them, and the confiscation of their equipment. However, in another fantastic move by the protesters, tahrir square now has two giant screens projecting Al Jazeera arabic and Al Jazeera live. Even the US state department said that it was concerning that Egypt is trying to curtail the freedom of the press by arresting Al Jazeera journalists.

Another desperate move by the regime has been to shut down the last ISP (internet service provider) ‘Noor’ thus plunging Egypt in complete internet darkness. There are also rumours that all phones will be cut off in preparation for the million person march. The regime is clearly frightened and confused. The final desperate move by the regime has been to send pro-Mubarak protesters in the streets of Cairo late tonight. These protesters are now next to the state television, which says that they number in the thousands. However, Al Jazeera has confirmed through eye witness accounts that they actually number 200 at most. This is really starting to become pathetic. Hopefully, these people will feel ashamed and just go back home, or better join the people demanding freedom from oppression.

The final area of developments is the international community’s response. The US continues to move further and further away from the Mubarak regime. However, they are still not making a clear statement in support of the protesters and against the regime. Natanyahu has done a little scare mongering by saying that if the regime falls then an islamist oppressive regime would be installed in Egypt. Of course this is a bunch of lies, people have been very careful not to let the protests be co-opted by any particular political ideology. But more importantly, if the Egyptians choose an islamist party to be in power, which I highly doubt, then it would be their choice. I however, don’t think that this is really on the table as the muslim brotherhood has backed a move towards real democracy where they would have a place along with all other political parties. Let us hope that tomorrow brings freedom rather than a blood bath.


Egypt One More Time

Posted in about the blog, Culture, Me, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on 30/01/2011 by arabrhizome

This will be a short post. I’m really ill and I need to get some work done. It started last when I felt my sinuses acting up again, I have always had problems with them. I woke up with a pounding headache and I’m now clearly ill with a bad cold. I must have caught something when I went out a couple of days ago to the supermarket. So my post won’t be as long as the other ones I’ve written in the past few days. Also, not much, in terms of new developments, have happened today. Therefore, I will simply try to summarise today’s events in Egypt and then go back to my hitherto failed attempts at getting any work done.

So today saw a continuation of the demonstrations and protests all over Egypt. In fact, the protests seem to have grown in size, if that’s even possible. The Egyptian people are clearly unimpressed by Mubarak’s desperate attempt to stay in power. Official sources extended the curfew and added an extra hour of curfew, yet the people simply ignore such orders and continue to march and gather well into the night.

Some of the most important developments were the closure of the Al Jazeera bureau in Cairo by security forces this afternoon. They clearly don’t like the fact that Al Jazeera has been doing a great job covering the rebellion. This means that they moved their reports to a more or less clandestine operation. Now rather than naming their reporters and their exact locations they just refer to them with the generic ‘our correspondent in …’. Again we see Mubarak desperately trying to keep his hold on power by limiting his people’s access to information. He turned off the internet, and that only amplified the protests, this does not seem to have a different result.

Another important development is that at some point in the afternoon a few army jets flew over Tahrir square, where tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of people were gathered. They seemed to operate some mock raids trying to intimidate the people there. Again it didn’t work at all. In fact, people were raising victory signs at them and cheering for the downfall of the regime. The problem is that it seems that Mubarak isn’t realising that his people aren’t afraid anymore. They want him to go and nothing his regime throws at them will change that. The fear of course is that he operates a complete blood bath and kills thousands, however that seems unlikely. The army is made up of conscripts who are closer to the people then to the regime. They would probably refuse to shoot their own friends and families.

The other thing is that the reports of looting seem to have been highly overblown. While there clearly was some looting, it wasn’t as widespread as previously thought. More importantly, the people of Egypt have organised themselves in small groups to defend their neighbourhoods, and these groups have turned out to be very effective. Today, people were taking over vital services, like traffic control or food deliveries. We are seeing Egyptian civil society at its best. Many official and important buildings are being protected by the people themselves.

Finally, the American position continues to be timid. Hilary Clinton made the rounds on Sunday news programs in the US spewing empty words. The US still hasn’t understood that by ‘sitting on the fence’ they are actually betraying the people of Egypt. The regime that has killed, tortured, and oppressed its people has done so with American money and weaponry, as well as political support. They had the chance to be on the right side of history, and restore a little bit of moral standing, by clearly standing on the side of the people. However, their continued idiotic stance has made sure that post-Mubarak Egypt will not be the best friend of the US, to say it mildly. Anyway, this was longer than I expected. I’m going now, my head is about to explode.

Egypt Again

Posted in Culture, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , on 29/01/2011 by arabrhizome

So I’m supposed to be writing a chapter for my thesis which is due very soon. However, the events in Egypt mean that I cannot tear myself away from the news, whether it is Al Jazeera English’s great coverage, or the flow of information from online resources. As I’ve been saying for a few days, what is happening in Egypt is extraordinary. We are witnessing the awakening of the Arab world. Tunisia showed the way and now Egypt is following. However, Egypt’s example is, in many ways, going to become the model. The difference between Tunisia and Egypt, is that Egypt is central in US foreign policy. The regime has been doing their bidding for a long time now. If it falls, this will send a clear message to the oppressed people of the world. If Egypt, with the absolute support the US has given it over the years, then any regime can fall.

Anyway, as yesterday’s blog post indicated the evening was a great moment of hope and excitement for everyone following the events in Egypt. It looked like the regime had lost control and was crumbling. The police had disappeared and the army was on the roads but not attacking the protesters. In fact, the protesters welcomed them and rode on their tanks with them. The NDP central headquarters in Cairo was on fire and the people were openly defying the curfew announced by the regime.

At some point we heard that the speaker of the house was going to make an important statement soon on Egyptian state television. This filled us all with hope. That was almost word for word the announcement made on Tunisian state television the day Ben Ali fled the country and his regime fell. However, soon after that the information changed and it was announced that Mubarak himself was about to speak. This was interesting in itself, because the regime is clearly confused. The point is that Mubarak appeared on television. He gave a speech that was so completely disconnected with reality that it rivalled the israeli official’s characterisation of their attack on the flotilla as self defence when their forces violently boarded the Mavi Marmara in the middle of the night, in international waters, and murdered 9 civilians.

In his speech, Mubarak tried to, unbelievably, take credit for the demonstrations. He said that it is thanks to his leadership’s promotion of democracy that his people are able to protest. That’s right his promotion of democracy. As I said, his speech was completely disconnected from reality. Later he blamed ‘dark forces’ and ‘evil elements’ for trying to divert the demonstrations from legitimate demands. Again showing a complete misunderstanding of the demands of the people of Egypt. He finished his speech by announcing that he will dissolve the government and appoint a new one on Saturday. How is it possible to become so disconnected with reality to think that this is somehow going to be acceptable for the people who have been shot at and oppressed defies rational explanation.

Half an hour after that the American president Barak Obama also gave a speech. Clearly there was co-ordination between the two allies. Let us not forget that Mubarak’s regime is the recipient of 1.5 billion dollars a year in aid, mainly in military aid. Anyway, as I mentioned yesterday, the US’s position has been precarious. They kept saying things like ‘the Egyptian regime must must respond to the legitimate demands of its people’. They have also called on both sides to show restraint, forgetting that one side is using the weapons provided by them in order to oppress the other. Anyway, the speech was pointless and Obama seemed to try to have his cake and eat it. He demanded that Mubarak restore internet access and stop using violence, he also said the protesters should not use violence (As if defending yourselves against state violence is somehow on the same moral scale as state violence).

The point is that Obama could have scored major points all over the Arab world by decisively standing on the side of the people of Egypt and demand that the tyrant leaves his people alone. He gave some empty words about reform and the importance of reform, completely ignoring the fact that the people do not was the regime to reform but to change and be toppled. The point is that the US again is standing on the wrong side of history. Obama needed to take a firm stance supporting the protesters, if he wanted to be on the right side of history. Instead he tried to hedge his bets and that will not be forgotten. The US’s role in Egypt and the region has been to support tyrants, and this was their chance to change that image. They missed it.

Anyway, the people ignored the curfew and kept protesting and demonstrating throughout the night. Today started with people going back on the streets and resoundingly rejecting Mubarak’s speech and decision to stay. The most interesting thing is that people are starting to speak about Mubarak in the past tense. People are still gathered in Tahrir square (liberation square) in Cairo as I’m typing this, the square has become the simbol of the Egyptian uprising, ignoring the curfew again. However, many important things happened today and the developments from Egypt are quite interesting, and sometimes worrying.

The first very important development is the complete absence of police presence all over the country. They seem to have evaporated. There are reports of widespread looting. Most of the information coming out of Egypt seems to be pointing out to the fact that the security forces are involved and co-ordinating the looting. We saw this in Tunisia when the regime fell. Clearly, the regime is losing its grip and using its thugs to try and cause fear and chaos in order to operate a crackdown and regain power. The looting isn’t as widespread as some western media is reporting. However, the people are organising neighbourhood committees to protect their houses and neighbourhoods. There are many reports that the people arrested by these civil defence committees are in fact police officers in plain clothes.

Another important development is the appointment by Mubarak of a new VP and a new prime minister. Both of them are ex-military and fixtures of the regime. Clearly this means that the regime is not ready to give up power and does not understand that it has lost its grip on the people. The new VP Omar Suleiman is the chief spy of the regime and has played a very important role in the maintaining of the siege on Gaza, and the extraordinary rendition program of the US. He is a horrible man and the people are clearly unhappy with his appointment.

The time has come for Mubarak to leave. The US needs to finally tell him to leave. It is too late for them to gain any political capital, but there is still time for them not to lose more. The people have made their stance clear and it is time for the Mubarak regime to read the writing on the wall and leave power. The people are taking back their freedom and their lives from the tyrant. It is interesting to see how this will resolve itself and more importantly who is the next tyrant to fall. The Arab world has changed and this is all thanks to the ultimate sacrifice of Mohamad Bouazizi the Tunisian man who immolated himself. Every capital and city in the Arab world needs to have a square and a central avenue named after him.


Posted in Culture, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , on 28/01/2011 by arabrhizome

I’m going to try to write a coherent blog post about what is happening in Egypt. I am very excited and constantly switching to other websites to keep abreast of what is happening, so my thoughts might be all over the place. Things are accelerating and the news coming from Egypt is extraordinary. As you might know today was going to be another day of wrath in Egypt. People were asking for a one million strong demonstration to demand the removal of Housni Mubarak from power. He is a US/Israel backed dictator that has been in power for over 30 years. The protests have been going on for 4 days now and are clearly inspired by the Tunisian revolution. The events of today have been incredible, I will try to summarise them and explain a little bit why this is extraordinarily important.

So today was supposed to be a day of wrath and demonstrations after the Friday prayer. Extraordinarily the christian population of Egypt had issued statements that the Egyptian christians were going to protect their Muslim compatriots during Friday prayers. The Egyptian government had blocked all Egyptian communications, including cellphones, internet, and electricity in many regions, since late last night. They had hoped that this will be enough to disrupt the plans of the people of Egypt. They also arrested many known activists during the night, including many from the Muslim Brotherhood. Interestingly, this shows how out of touch they are. This movement isn’t a movement organised by the Muslim Brotherhood, or any political party or movement. It is a truly grassroots rebellion that is organised organically by the people of Egypt.

So during, and right after the Friday prayer, the state police started attacking the demonstrations with tear gas, rubber coated bullets, and batons. However, all over the country, hundreds of thousand of Egyptians were not deterred and kept the protests going all day long. As the day progressed the police started clearly losing its grip. They were completely overwhelmed by the sheer number and determination of the Egyptian people. Soon they started using live fire to no avail. Very quickly many police cars, stations, and NDP (the ruling party) headquarters were set on fire. As I’m typing this the central NDP headquarters in Cairo is on fire and the National Museum of antiquities is in danger. However, it seems the people of Egypt are trying to protect it.

The regime kept trying to regain control to no avail. They first issued a curfew order for three cities and later extended it to the rest of the country. However, no one paid any attention to that order. Clearly the people of Egypt have lost their fear, all they have left to lose are their chains. Throughout the day, we heard the American position change ever so slightly. Earlier Hilary Clinton tried to blame the victims by saying both sides need to show restraint and not use violence. Of course forgetting that the bullets, weapons, and tear gas canisters being shot at the people of Egypt are all made in the USA and provided through the 1.5 billion dollars in aid. However, she also said that the government needs to start political and economic reforms. This shows again the disconnect with the people of Egypt who don’t want the government to reform but are asking for the regime to be toppled.

The police being overrun, the army was sent into the streets of Egypt. Their role isn’t clear. They were sent in by, what seems to be, presidential order to protect the police, the regime, restore order, and enforce the curfew. However, the people seemed to welcome them and ask them to join them. There were unconfirmed reports that the army and the police clashed in some places. There are also some newer reports that the army and the protesters clashed in some places. The situation is fluid and unpredictable at the moment. I hope that the army plays a positive role, in the same way that the Tunisian army played in Tunisia.

What is happening right now is very significant. The regime has clearly completely lost control. Also, the fact that there is complete silence from the president is very interesting. Today seems to have seen the collapse of the regime. We don’t know what will happen next. The point is that Egypt is the most populous Arab country, with 80 million people. If this regime fails then the rest of the autocratic regimes of the Arab world will follow very quickly. This means that the US and israeli interests in the Arab world are under attack. They have been propping up these regimes and the people will not forget that. This can very well be the dawn of a new age for the Arab world. Just as I had said that Tunisia was the first truly post colonial revolution, this could very well be the second and in many ways the more significant one. If the people succeed in overthrowing the regime of Mubarak, then we are going to see a change in the way in which Arabs deal with israel and its oppression of the Palestinian people. Long live the revolution.

Quick Message

Posted in about the blog, Me, Uncategorized with tags , , , on 27/01/2011 by arabrhizome

Hey everyone. I have a lot to talk about. However, I’m really late with work. Keeping up to date with both the Palestine papers and the protests in Egypt has seriously put a dent in my progress writing this chapter. So I decided to just write a quick note to explain to you all that I will be working on the chapter for the next few days. I might update my twitter feed with some news when I’m on a break. But I really need to get some words down on paper. This chapter isn’t really hard to write, but I need to do it. So I’ll keep popping in here once a day, but it will probably be short posts, unless I make significant progress, or something significant happens. Anyway, I’m sure you all understand. Love you bye.

Palestine Papers 4 and Egypt

Posted in Culture, Palestine, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , on 26/01/2011 by arabrhizome

We are living very interesting times in the Middle East. The final instalment of the Palestine papers focuses on Gaza and the collusion of the PA about it. What this last batch of papers has shown is that the PA was more concerned with Hamas as an enemy rather than israel and its occupation. The PA colluded with the US and israel to delay and hold up the vote on the Goldston report, they appear to have been informed about the Gaza offensive before it happened, they were so afraid of giving Hamas any semblance of victory that they asked israel to reinvade Gaza, or at least part of Gaza. These are very big revelations. Let’s go through them with a little more detail now, and then focus on the other huge story from the region which is the Egypt protests.

Right, so what do this last batch of papers really reveal? Well the first and foremost thing is that from certain conversations it appears, and I stress appears because nothing is clearly stated, that israel had informed the PA that they were going to attack Gaza. I’m sure you all remember the savage assault two years ago by the israeli army against the civilian population of the besieged Gaza strip. The assault was named Cast Lead and it killed over 1400 people, most of them civilians. If the PA had foreknowledge of this and then did nothing to warn the people of Gaza, then these deaths are partly their resposability.

One thing that came out of the Gaza massacre was a UN investigation which accused israel of having committed war crimes and possibly crimes against humanity. We all remember how the PA pushed for a delay on the UN human rights council vote to endorse it. The papers have shown that this was due to US pressures. The PA have clearly become the political arm of US and israeli interests. They were willing to put the interests of israel and the US before the interests of their own people. The Goldstone report needed swift action, yet the PA was willing to delay action on it in order to please the US.

That’s not all. One very important revelations shows how completely uninterested in defending their own people’s interests the PA have become. In particular, when Hamas was able to break through the barrier between the Gaza-Egypt border and people were able to break the siege for a while and were able to restock on necessary supplies, the PA was concerned with the fact that this represented a victory for Hamas. The papers show that the PA even encouraged israel to reinvade Gaza, specifically the border crossing, in order to undermine Hamas’s political victory. This is astounding. I am lost for words when it comes to that last revelation. How can the PA even pretend to represent the interests of its people? It is willing to ask israel to reinvade Gaza and police the illegal siege that causes so much suffering for the people of Gaza, in order to undermine Hamas. This absolutely unacceptable. Let’s hope that the people of Palestine will finally wake up and overthrow that corrupt and collaborationist body.

There are so much more things to talk about in the Palestine Papers, and I’ll probably get to them at some point later on this blog. However, something quite extraordinary is going on in Egypt and I need to talk about it more. I have already commented on the first day of protests yesterday, you can check out yesterday’s post for that. But what happened today was even more intense. The security forces decided to use very heavy handed tactics straight away. While people were still gathering to start demonstrating, the Egyptian police started using heavy force to disperse the protesters. This lead to the protesters playing cat and mouse with the police throughout the day. Impromptu demonstrations kept happening all over the country and the police found itself having to chase the protesters all over the place. The repression was quite strong though and many people were arrested, beaten up, and some killed.

However, it seems that the most deadly confrontations happened in the city of Suez. There it seems the security forces used live bullets on the protesters, and they responded with Molotov cocktails and barricades. The situation is still unclear over there because there aren’t many journalists there, and all the information we’re getting is from twitter. However, it seems that the police has lost control of the city and that the ruling party’s headquarters there, as well as the police station, have been burned by the protesters. Although I repeat those are unconfirmed reports. The point is that the protests are still going on. It has become a war of attrition between the protesters and the police. It seems the protesters are trying to tire the police by not letting out. The strategy being that protesters can take breaks while the police cannot. As I’m writing this the death toll has been confirmed to have risen to 6 deaths.

Well that’s all from me today. It is really a very interesting time we’re witnessing. I will hopefully talk about the protests more tomorrow, although it depends on what happens. As I understand it, the Egyptians are trying to get 1000000 people down for another day of wrath on Friday. I don’t know if this means that the protest are going to continue between now and Friday or not. Anyway, that’s all from me for now. I’ll see you all tomorrow, in the hopes that the news of the downfall of another dictator will come soon.

Palestine Papers 3 and Egypt

Posted in Culture, Lebanon, Palestine, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on 25/01/2011 by arabrhizome

I think I’m mad again. No scratch that, I am angry again. The third batch of the Palestine Papers has been released by Al Jazeera the Guardian, and they are, as they say, Dynamite. Now, none of them are absolute shockers, but they confirm many of the suspicions we all had about the brutality of the PA’s  police forces and the extent of their collaboration. The revelations range over a number of issues. They basically show the extent of the collusion between the PA security forces and the israelis. The papers also show that MI6 was willing to help quash hamas and using EU money to pay for internment of Hamas members.

Now I will cover the revelations today, but I also need to speak about what’s happening in Egypt because it is very important. I’m not going to talk too much about Lebanon because what’s happening over there is just shameful. What we see in Lebanon is the result of the sectarian system and the corruption brought about by Hariri. The people protesting are doing so because of tribal and sectarian concerns rather than genuine political interest. This is the lot of Lebanon, a bunch of thugs in power who are followed by a bunch of sheep. I’m a little angry about it, I don’t know if you can tell.

Anyway, getting back to the Palestine Papers. What we’ve learned today is that israel and the international community were building a police state headed by the PA. The PA security chief discussed the assassination of an important figure in the resistance movement with israeli security officials. The PA has also turned into a more and more paranoid entity and the enemy of shifted from israel to Hamas. Basically they saw Hamas as their enemy because they threatened their position of power. Saeb Erekat even said: ‘We even killed our own people to maintain order and the rule of law’. What they call law and order of course is the limitation of any descent in Palestine. This isn’t news exactly, but it is good to know that what we thought is actually true. It seems that they, the PA, continue to enforce their hold on power by dictating what is and what isn’t to be said in mosque sermons. Also, the idea of a demilitarised Palestine was forced onto the PA. Israel wanted a strong police, but no army. In other words, Palestine under the PA was going to be a Bentustan.

I’m not going to talk too much more about the Palestine Papers, because those are the main points to remember. Basically the PA and israel agreed that their common enemy is Hamas. This shows how disconnected the PA has become. To consider another Palestinian faction to be more dangerous than the occupier and oppressor, is quite insane. But as I said, I’d leave the Palestine Papers for now and focus on the other major story coming from the Middle East and that is Egypt. Today marked an extraordinary day in the history of that country, and the whole region. Tens of thousands of Egyptians all over the country went to the streets to demand that the dictator Housni Moubarak to leave power.

As I’m writing this. Police has turned very violent and they are attacking the protesters with tear gas and possibly live gun fire. So far there are unconfirmed reports of 7 deaths and tens of injured. Clearly what happened in Tunisia is starting to become contagious all over the arab world. The arab world is witnessing the most interesting and important time since the early 20th century. A person on twitter (@Faiyla) described this very interesting time as ‘the biggest Revolution in the Arab world since 1916!’ And I am inclined to agree. Hilary Clinton was quick to show her support for the tyrant, no surprise there, Americans like democracy only when we the evil brown masses vote the way they like. Moubarak is their man so of course they’d rather have him then have a free Egypt.

Anyway, my thoughts are with the Egyptian demonstrators. I hope they keep strong and stay safe. They are changing the face of the region in a way that the wars and invasions by the US/UK/israel were never going to achieve. These are the real ‘birth pangs’ of a new Middle East, a truly free and democratic Middle East. This Middle East is not going to be the lap dog of israel and the US, but it will hopefully be representative of its people and their demands. I will keep checking the news and hope that Egypt becomes the new Tunisia.